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Visit the Kanamaru-za Theatre to See How the Seri and Mawari-butai Work! Learn about the history of Kabuki

Kanamaruza Kagawa

* Currently closed: October 1, 2020 to March 18, 2022

Kabuki is a traditional Japanese performing art, and there are a variety of stage sets available.

In addition to the so-called “hanamichi”, the passageway used by Kabuki actors to enter and exit the theatre, there are also other effective theatrical mechanisms such as “seri” and the “mawari-butai”. Wouldn’t you like to know how these mechanisms work?

At the Old Konpira Kabuki Theatre Kanemaru-za in Kagawa Prefecture, you can actually stand on a Kabuki stage.

This article describes a visit to the Kanamaruza Theatre.


History of the Kanamaruza Theatre

The oldest surviving Kabuki theatre in Japan

Kabuki began in the Edo period. In the town of Kotohira in Kagawa Prefecture, there is the oldest surviving Kabuki theatre in Japan, built in 1835 in the late Edo period.

The old Konpira-oshibai (commonly known as Kanamaru-za), a designated national cultural asset, still hosts regular Kabuki performances.

The Kanamaru-za is usually open to the public and can be visited inside.


Visit the Kanamaruza Theatre

Entrance to the playhouse

Entrance of Kanamaruza


You pay an entrance fee of 500 yen to enter the Kanamaru-za (300 yen for junior and senior high school students, 200 yen for primary schools students). The entrance is deliberately narrow so that not many people can enter at once.


Place to leave footwears


In the old days, people used to leave their footwear here and receive a wooden tag with a number on it.


Walkways and auditoriums

The spectator seats


These are the spectator seats. The seats on tatami mats surrounded by wooden frames are called “Hiraba” (flat seats), and the seats on either side are called “Sajiki” (pier seats).

There is a wide aisle (Hanamichi) leading up to the stage. The distance between the audience and the walkway is very close.

The ceiling is latticed and made of woven bamboo, from which the flowers are scattered in confetti.


Paper lantern


It is decorated with paper lantern with a crane design, the mark of the Kanamaru-za.


Kabuki stages and mechanisms

Locate the seri and the mawari-butai



Next, we go up on stage to check the position of the naraku and the mawari-butai. The Mawari-butai is a mechanism that allows the centre of the stage to rotate and change scenes at the same time.

Naraku is also known as “Seri”. It is the part of the stage that slides up and down to allow the Kabuki actors to enter and leave the stage. If you go up to the stage and look at it up close, you can see exactly where the floor has been cut out.

We were also able to see the “kakesuji”, a device in which the actors move in mid-air.


See the tricks under the stage

Backstage, there is a tatami room where kabuki actors use to apply their make-up and change their clothes. Once you have visited these waiting rooms, you can go downstage. Below the stage, you can see how the mechanisms of the naraku and the mawari-butai work.


A trick under the mawari-butai stage


This is a trick under the mawari-butai stage. Can you see the push stick hanging from the ceiling? It takes four people to turn this push stick. So the stage was moved only by human power.




This is the entrance to the Naraku (Seri). It must be difficult for the Kabuki actors in their costumes to get in and out through this narrow entrance.


Kanamaru-za stage tour summary

You can drop in when you visit Kompira-san

How do you like the old kabuki stage? When you visit Kompira-san (Kagawa’s famous tourist spot), it would be fun to drop in at the Kanamaru-za theatre as well.

It is a good place to visit before or after watching Kabuki.


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Access, opening hours and parking at Kanamaru-za

Kanamaru-za is a five minute walk from the approach to Kompira-san.

Access One hour drive from Takamatsu City, 17 minutes from Zentsuji Interchange.
Opening hours 9:00~17:00
URL Kotohira town website
Parking Pay parking available at the entrance to Kompira-san approach.


Nearby attractions

There are many other places of interest in the surrounding area.


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